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Aims of Science at Hillborough


At Hillborough Infant and Nursery School we aim to build on pupils’ natural curiosity and develop a scientific approach to problems. We want to encourage our children’s’ open-mindedness, self-evaluation, perseverance and responsibility. We hope to prepare pupils for life in an increasingly scientific and technological world; by fostering concerns about, and appreciation of, our environment. We aim to help pupils acquire a progressive understanding of scientific ideas by giving pupils experience of scientific processes and helping pupils to acquire practical scientific skills. We provide pupils with an enjoyable experience of science, so that they will develop a deep and lasting interest and be motivated to study science further.


Science in Year One

Science in Year One is an introduction to the world of Plants, Materials, Animals; including Humans and Seasonal Changes. It is largely a practical subject with an overriding theme of ‘working scientifically’.


When studying animals; including humans, Year One children will explore the local environment, and answer questions about the animals found in their habitat. They will have the opportunity to care for animals they have found. Each year we observe the life cycle of a different animal close up. Children will also become familiar with the common names of some fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including those that are kept as pets. Year One children will name different parts of their body though songs, games and actions. Children enjoy using the iPads to take photographs of each other, then labelling the body parts in the pictures. We also learn about keeping our bodies healthy through hygiene, exercise and eating a balanced diet.


When studying materials, Year One children will explore the properties of different materials and experiment with materials and their suitability for purpose. Children will explore, design and carry out an experiment to test materials, for example the best material for a new rain coat.


When studying seasonal changes, Year One children will develop their basic knowledge of weather and seasons. They will have opportunities to observe weather across the seasons. Children particularly enjoy creating their own weather stations and recording weather over time. Children will also learn about weather associated with seasons and how the length of the day varies.


When studying plants Year One children are taught to identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees. They also learn the basic structure of flowering plants and trees.


Science in Year Two

In Year Two the children build on the knowledge they have acquired in Year One. Again the focus will be ‘working scientifically’, as children explore, living things and their habitats, uses of everyday materials, animals; including humans and plants.


When studying uses of everyday materials children will explore particular uses for materials. They will compare the uses of materials for different objects, and learn that different objects can be made from different materials. Children will experiment with changing the shapes of solid materials by squashing, bending, stretching and twisting. They will also look at people who developed useful new materials, such as John Dunlop, Charles Macintosh or John McAdam.


When studying animals; including humans, Year Two children will develop their knowledge of basic needs by exploring what living things need to survive. They will explore the process of growth from birth to old age. Children will describe the importance of exercise, nutrition and hygiene for humans. Year Two children may work scientifically by experimenting with the effects of exercise on their body.


When studying living things and their habitats Year Two children will investigate the differences between living things, things that are dead and things that have never been alive. They will explore the idea that all livings have common needs, essential for sustaining life. Year Two children will look deeper into our local habitat, naming a variety of plants and animals they find. They will explore micro habitats within school and explore habitats further afield. Children will gain an understanding of how habitats are linked and rely on each other for food. They will create food chains and learn to name different sources of food.


When studying plants Year Two children will use the local environment throughout the year to learn how plants grow from seeds and bulbs into mature plants. They will have hands on experience of planting seeds and nurturing them into plants. Children will find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy. They will work scientifically by setting up comparative tests to show what plants needs to stay healthy.